How to use CUBESET Function in Excel

The CUBESET function defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Excel.

Syntax: CUBESET(connection, set_expression, , [sort_order], [sort_by])

The CUBESET function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Connection    Required. A text string of the name of the connection to the cube.
  • Set_expression    Required. A text string of a set expression that results in a set of members or tuples. Set_expression can also be a cell reference to an Excel range that contains one or more members, tuples, or sets included in the set.
  • Caption    Optional. A text string that is displayed in the cell instead of the caption, if one is defined, from the cube.
  • Sort_order    Optional. The type of sort, if any, to perform and can be one of the following:

    Integer Enumerated constant Description Sort_by argument
    0 SortNone Leaves the set in existing order. Ignored
    1 SortAscending Sorts set in ascending order by sort_by. Required
    2 SortDescending Sorts set in descending order by sort_by. Required
    3 SortAlphaAscending Sorts set in alpha ascending order. Ignored
    4 Sort_Alpha_Descending Sorts set in alpha descending order. Ignored
    5 Sort_Natural_Ascending Sorts set in natural ascending order. Ignored
    6 Sort_Natural_Descending Sorts set in natural descending order. Ignored

Example: Let’s look at some Excel CUBESET function examples and explore how to use the CUBESET function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:


=CUBESET(“Finance”,”Order([Product].[Product].[Product Category].Members,[Measures].[Unit Sales],ASC)”,”Products”)

=CUBESET(“Sales”,”[Product].[All Products].Children”,”Products”,1,”[Measures].[Sales Amount]”)


  • When the CUBESET function evaluates, it temporarily displays a “#GETTING_DATA…” message in the cell before all of the data is retrieved.
  • If the connection name is not a valid workbook connection stored in the workbook, CUBESET returns a #NAME? Error value. If the Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) server is not running, not available, or returns an error message, CUBESET returns a #NAME? Error value.
  • If the set_expression syntax is incorrect or the set contains at least one member with a different dimension than the other members, CUBESET returns a #N/A error value.
  • If set_expression is longer than 255 characters, which is the limit for an argument to a function, CUBESET returns a #VALUE! Error value. To use text strings longer than 255 characters, enter the text string in a cell (for which the limit is 32,767 characters), and then use a cell reference as the argument.
  • CUBESET may return a #N/A error value if you reference a session-based object, such as a calculated member or named set, in a PivotTable when sharing a connection and that PivotTable is deleted or you convert the PivotTable to formulas. (On the Options tab, in the Tools group, click OLAP Tools, and then click Convert to Formulas.)

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