How to use FORECAST.ETS.STAT Function in Excel

The Excel Forecast.Ets.Stat function calculates a specified statistical value, relating to a time series forecasting.

Syntax:= FORECAST.ETS.STAT(values, timeline, statistic_type, [seasonality], [data_completion], [aggregation])

The FORECAST.ETS.STAT function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Values    Required. Values are the historical values, for which you want to forecast the next points.
  • Timeline    Required. The independent array or range of numeric data. The dates in the timeline must have a consistent step between them and can’t be zero. The timeline isn’t required to be sorted, as FORECAST.ETS.STAT will sort it implicitly for calculations. If a constant step can’t be identified in the provided timeline, FORECAST.ETS.STAT will return the #NUM! error. If timeline contains duplicate values, FORECAST.ETS.STAT will return the #VALUE! error. If the ranges of the timeline and values aren’t of same size, FORECAST.ETS.STAT will return the #N/A error.
  • Statistic_type    Required. A numeric value between 1 and 8, indicating which statistic will be returned for the calculated forecast.
  • Seasonality     Optional. A numeric value. The default value of 1 means Excel detects seasonality automatically for the forecast and uses positive, whole numbers for the length of the seasonal pattern. 0 indicates no seasonality, meaning the prediction will be linear. Positive whole numbers will indicate to the algorithm to use patterns of this length as the seasonality. For any other value, FORECAST.ETS.STAT will return the #NUM! error.Maximum supported seasonality is 8,760 (number of hours in a year). Any seasonality above that number will result in the #NUM! error.
  • Data completion    Optional. Although the timeline requires a constant step between data points, FORECAST.ETS.STAT supports up to 30% missing data, and will automatically adjust for it. 0 will indicate the algorithm to account for missing points as zeros. The default value of 1 will account for missing points by completing them to be the average of the neighboring points.
  • Aggregation    Optional. Although the timeline requires a constant step between data points, FORECAST.ETS.STAT will aggregate multiple points which have the same time stamp. The aggregation parameter is a numeric value indicating which method will be used to aggregate several values with the same time stamp. The default value of 0 will use AVERAGE, while other options are SUM, COUNT, COUNTA, MIN, MAX, MEDIAN.

READ:  How to use LOGNORM.INV Function in Excel

The following optional statistics can be returned:

  • Alpha parameter of ETS algorithm    Returns the base value parameter—a higher value gives more weight to recent data points.
  • Beta parameter of ETS algorithm    Returns the trend value parameter—a higher value gives more weight to the recent trend.
  • Gamma parameter of ETS algorithm    Returns the seasonality value parameter—a higher value gives more weight to the recent seasonal period.
  • MASE metric    Returns the mean absolute scaled error metric—a measure of the accuracy of forecasts.
  • SMAPE metric    Returns the symmetric mean absolute percentage error metric—an accuracy measure based on percentage errors.
  • MAE metric    Returns the symmetric mean absolute percentage error metric—an accuracy measure based on percentage errors.
  • RMSE metric    Returns the root mean squared error metric—a measure of the differences between predicted and observed values.
  • Step size detected    Returns the step size detected in the historical timeline.

Example: Let’s look at some Excel FORECAST.ETS.STAT function examples and explore how to use the FORECAST.ETS.STAT function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

FORECAST.ETS .STAT Function in Excel 1 - How to use FORECAST.ETS.STAT Function in Excel

The spreadsheet on the right shows a set of monthly earnings between Jan-2019 and Dec-2019. These values are plotted in the chart below:

FORECAST.ETS .STAT Function in Excel - How to use FORECAST.ETS.STAT Function in Excel

The  Forecast.Ets function has previously calculated the forecast earnings for Jan-2020 to be 10498.62063

FORECAST.ETS .STAT Function - How to use FORECAST.ETS.STAT Function in Excel

The Excel Forecast.Ets.Stat function can be used to return statistical information relating to this forecast. For example, in order to return the Alpha parameter of the ETS algorithm:

Syntax:  =FORECAST.ETS.STAT(C2:C13,B2:B13,1)

Result: which gives the result 0.126.

If you want to return the step size detected by the ETS algorithm:

READ:  How to use BINOM.INV Function in Excel

Syntax: =FORECAST.ETS.STAT(C2:C13,B2:B13,8)

Result: which gives the result 31.

FORECAST.ETS .STAT Function 1 - How to use FORECAST.ETS.STAT Function in Excel

Note:

  • FORECAST.ETS.STAT function is added in Excel 2016.
  • This Function uses advanced machine learning algorithms, such as Exponential Triple Smoothing (ETS).
  • If a constant step cannot be identified in the provided timeline, FORECAST.ETS.STAT returns the #NUM! error.
  • If timeline contains duplicate values, FORECAST.ETS.STAT returns the #VALUE! Error.
  • If the ranges of the timeline and values are not of same size, FORECAST.ETS.STAT returns the #N/A error.
  • If the Seasonality is <0, or >8760, or a non-numeric value, FORECAST.ETS.STAT returns the #NUM! error.

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *