How to use ISNA Function in Excel

The Excel ISNA function returns TRUE when a cell contains the #N/A error and FALSE for any other value, or any other error type. You can use the ISNA function with the IF function test for an error and display a friendly message when it appears.

Syntax:= ISNA (value)

The ISNA function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Value (required argument) – This is the expression or value that needs to be tested. It is generally provided as a cell address.

Example: Let’s look at some Excel ISNA function examples and explore how to use the ISNA function as a worksheet function in Microsoft Excel:

Example 1:

Syntax:  =ISNA(A2)

Result:

ISNA Function in Excel 1 - How to use ISNA Function in Excel

Based on the Excel spreadsheet above, the following ISNA examples would return:

Syntax: =ISNA(A3)
Result: TRUE

Syntax: =ISNA(A4)
Result: FALSE

Syntax: =ISNA(A5)
Result: FALSE

Syntax: =ISNA(A6)
Result: FALSE

Syntax: =ISNA(A7)
Result: FALSE

Syntax: =ISNA(A8)
Result: FALSE

Syntax: =ISNA(A9)
Result: FALSE

Syntax: =ISNA(A10)
Result: FALSE

Example 2:

Suppose we are given the data below:

ISNA Function - How to use ISNA Function in Excel

When we did a VLOOKUP for the given list of fruits, we got the list below:

Syntax: =VLOOKUP(D1,A2:B7,2,0)
Result: #N/A

Syntax: =VLOOKUP(D2,A2:B7,2,0)
Result: 12

Syntax: =VLOOKUP(D3,A2:B7,2,0)
Result: 5

ISNA Function in Excel 2 - How to use ISNA Function in Excel

Now instead of the #N/A error, we want a customized message that says “Not found”

The formula to use will be:

Syntax: =IF(ISNA(VLOOKUP(D6,A2:B7,2,0)),”Not found”,VLOOKUP(D6,A2:B7,2,0))
Result: Not found

Syntax: =IF(ISNA(VLOOKUP(D7,A2:B7,2,0)),”Not found”,VLOOKUP(D7,A2:B7,2,0))
Result: 12

Syntax: =IF(ISNA(VLOOKUP(D8,A2:B7,2,0)),”Not found”,VLOOKUP(D8,A2:B7,2,0))
Result: 5

ISNA Function in Excel 3 - How to use ISNA Function in Excel

We need to drag the formula for the entire list for which we need to find out the cost. Using the IF-ISNA formula combination is easy. All we need to do is to wrap the ISNA formula inside an IF logic condition. Remember, the crucial thing here while using the IF-ISNA formula combination is that we need to put in the original formula twice.

READ:  How to use ISLOGICAL Function in Excel

Note:

  1. The ISNA function is part of the IS functions that are often used to test the results of formulas in a cell for errors.
  2. If we are using MS Excel 2013-2016, the function is very useful for identifying and handling #N/A! errors.

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